Biomes of Minnesota

Forestry Education


Biome comparison

The table below shows samples of conditions within Minnesota's biomes.

Biome

Average Annual Rainfall

Average Annual Temp.

Vegetation Examples

Animal Examples

Average Growing Season

Tall Aspen Parkland Biome

20"–22"

35°–44° F

  • Aspen
  • Heart-Leaved
    Willow
  • Wiregrass Sedge
  • Small White Lady’s
    Slipper
  • Little Bluestem
  • Sharp-Tailed Grouse
  • Sandhill Crane
  • American Bittern
  • Canadian Toad
  • American Elk

90–130 days

Coniferous Forest Biome

21"-32"

36°–41° F

  • Black Spruce
  • Northern White Cedar
  • Balsam Fir
  • Red Pine
  • Fly Honeysuckle
  • Wood Frog
  • Boreal Chickadee
  • Compton's Tortoise Shell Butterfly
  • Gray Wolf
  • Moose

90–100 days

Deciduous Forest Biome

23"-35"

39°–45° F

  • Northern Red Oak
  • American Basswood
  • Sugar Maple
  • Prickly Gooseberry
  • Rue Anemone
  • Eastern Hognose Snake
  • Cerulean Warbler
  • Eastern Pipistrelle Bat
  • Gray Fox
  • Opossum
  • Eastern Sotted Skunk

100–130 days

Prairie Grassland Biome

18"-33"

37°–45° F

  • Big Bluestem
  • Blazing Star
  • Purple Prairie Clover
  • Prairie Dropseed
  • Leadplant
  • Great Plains Toad
  • Greater Prairie Chicken
  • Upland Sandpiper
  • Pocket Gopher
  • Badger

130–180 days

For a fun way to learn about Minnesota’s biomes, plants, and animals, check out the Junior Park Naturalist Program at a state park near you.